Acne manifests itself in blackheads and spots. It can take several forms. In all cases, to combat acne, the use of specific seboregulating treatments is essential.
From retentional acne to inflammatory acne
There are different forms of acne. It can first of all appear as comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), which is retentional acne. But acne can also be accompanied by spots and larger lesions. In an oxygen-deprived environment, a bacterium naturally present in the skin (called P.acnes) can proliferate and create inflammatory substances which spread in the underlying layers. This is inflammatory acne. Generally, these 2 forms coexist, and this is known as mixed acne, which affects almost 60% of acne patients.
Acne: a problem with a variety of causes.
Several factors contribute to the appearance of acne lesions. It is mainly due to hormonal disturbances (puberty, premenstrual syndrome, pregnancy, etc.) but also stress and fatigue, which can lead to an overproduction of sebum and bacterial proliferation. When the sebum can no longer flow normally, the skin’s pores become blocked. Blackheads and spots then appear.
To treat acne a gentle approach is required
To banish acne, the skin needs to be treated gently. A few essential daily rules also need to be followed:
- Thoroughly cleanse the skin with a product specifically formulated for oily skin.
- Use a treatment product every day. That's the true key to the success of the treatment.
- Use products designed for oily skin and non-comedogenic make-up.
- Protect the skin from the sun, which contrary to popular belief, is a false-friend to acne
- Don't squeeze spots.
In addition to these measures, the dermatologist may also prescribe certain medicines to treat the acne. Don’t hesitate to talk to him about it.